Cerebral Palsy Symptoms
Symptoms of Cerebral Palsy in Babies
Symptoms of cerebral palsy in children are dribbling of saliva, problem in sucking, no social smile on looking to mother, abnormal sensation and tone in body of baby, delayed milestone like absent neck holding, creeping crawling, knee walk, less use of hands , epilepsy presence of primitive reflexes, growth retardation, microcephaly etc
Types of Cerebral Palsy
Cerebral palsy is group of neuromotor disorder. It occur because of brain insult in early age of life. It can present in variety of manner like spastic cerebral palsy, athetoid cerebral palsy, ataxic cerebral palsy, mix cerebral palsy, hypotonic etc.
In spastic cerebral palsy tone in body is high during all activities but in dyskinetic cerebral palsy tone is fluctuating and completely normal during rest and in sleep.
Ataxic cerebral palsy present as balance issue in cerebral palsy. Dystonic and ataxic cerebral palsy usually affect whole body but spastic cerebral palsy present as hemiplegic, diplegic, triplegic and quadriplegic spastic cerebral palsy.
Treatment for Cerebral Palsy
According to latest cerebral palsy definition (Modified after Bax et al. 2005) it is a group of permanent disorders of the development of movement and posture, causing activity limitation, that are attributed to non-progressive disturbances that occurred in the developing fetal or infant brain. Primarily these children have problem in muscle tone, gross & fine motor activity, balance & posture. It is Often accompanied with problem in sensation, perception, cognition, communication, behavior, speech & seizures. Mental retardation can be found in 30-40% children with severe disability. Cerebral palsy symptoms vary and depend upon the part of the brain involved, age of diagnosis, severity, and treatment received so far. Cerebral palsy can be diagnosed at very early age even up-to 6 months of age by recognition of delay in developmental milestones, abnormal muscle tone, absent neck holding, poor social smile, problem in sucking & deglutition, history of high risk delivery etc.
Afterwards many cerebral palsy symptoms like difficulty in crawling, standing, walking, speech, vision, hearing, behavior problems, drooling, recurrent illness, nutrition problems, seizure, presence of abnormal movement in the body can present. Severity can vary from trivial problem to sever disability even complete bed ridden.Cerebral palsy problem can affect one part of extremity to the whole body depending upon extent of brain lesion. These children can also have different movement disorders depending upon site of brain lesion. Spastic children have spasticity & fix tone pattern. Dyskinetic cerebral paly has variable tone pattern.
Important Facts About Cerebral Palsy